Anti-Iraq War organizing in Grand Rapids from 2002 – 2008: Part V – GRPD monitoring, infiltration and the first protest once the war began

In Part I, we looked at the early organizing that took place in the fall of 2002, where various groups were organizing resistance to the possible US invasion of Iraq. In Part II, we talked about how some groups went to DC for a national march on MLK Day, but then President Bush came to Grand Rapids in late January 2003, where over 1,000 protestors greeted him.

In Part III, we explored the organizing effort of the Grand Rapids chapter of Women in Black and the local news media’s reaction to the Colin Powell presentation at the UN on WMDs, in early February of 2003. Part IV focused on student anti-war organizing and an action that took place at Congressman Ehlers office, resulting in several arrests. 

Today, we want to look at the GRPD’s efforts to monitor and infiltrate anti-Iraq war efforts and the protest that took place on the first day of the US invasion of Iraq.

The Grand Rapids Press ran an article just prior to the beginning of the war, headlined, “With War looming, GR police prepare for more protests. The Press article conveys that the GRPD was planning on stepping up their activities and training in preparation for demonstrations. What the GR Press article does not discuss is the fact that the GRPD was monitoring the e-mail communications amongst anti-war organizers and sending undercover officers to meetings and protests. We know this because organizers worked with the ACLU to obtain GRPD documents related to the anti-war movement in Grand Rapids. The flyer on the right was a flyer that was created by organizers, but this copy was obtained through an ACLU FOIA request. 

The document below is from the GRPD, acknowledging that they sent undercover officers to anti-war organizing meetings, even though the undercover cops were exposed. The first part of the document discussing coming to a meeting at the IGE office on Wealthy St, then references to a meeting held at the Community Media Center on Bridge St. a few days later, where undercover cops were denied entry to the building.

The first demonstration that took place in Grand Rapids, once the US invasion of Iraq had begun was reported on by the Grand Rapids Press. The story is rather superficial and ignores the fact that the GRPD had undercover cops in the crowd of protestors.

Those involved in organizing the protest were alerted to two guys who were undercover cops, by someone who participated in the demonstration. She was able to ID the cops because she was a translator at the local courthouse and knew lots of the police officers while translating for people who had been in court and seeing the same officers in uniform there to testify against people who had been charged. Below is another document about the woman who had identified the undercover cops and shared that information with organizers. The GRPD states, “any future contact could pose even further problems based on her lack of ethical and moral decision making she has shown thus far.” Here the GRPD demonstrates their arrogance and the belief that they were right to infiltrate the protests.


For many people, this was the first time they had encountered police as infiltrators. Some were surprised that the GRPD would engage in these kinds of tactics, which was really a reflection on how limited people’s understanding was on the history of police infiltration of social movements. The result of the GRPD intimidation and infiltration meant that some people chose to not participate in any further anti-war actions, while other people chose to distance themselves from those who had been the primary organizing entities in 2002 and 2003.

To view additional documents that were obtain by the ACLU, go to this page on Media Mouse.

Posted in Anti-War/Anti-Imperialism | Tagged , , , | 3 Comments

Anti-Iraq War Organizing in Grand Rapids from 2002 – 2008: Part IV Student organizing and civil disobedience before the war began

In Part I, we looked at the early organizing that took place in the fall of 2002, where various groups were organizing resistance to the possible US invasion of Iraq. In Part II, we talked about how some groups went to DC for a national march on MLK Day, but then President Bush came to Grand Rapids in late January 2003, where over 1,000 protestors greeted him.

In Part III, we explored the organizing effort of the Grand Rapids chapter of Women in Black and the local news media’s reaction to the Colin Powell presentation at the UN on WMDs, in early February of 2003. 

In today’s post we want to look at what college students were doing to respond to a build up to the US invasion of Iraq, along with an action that took place against Congressman Vern Ehlers support for the US invasion that took place prior to the March 20, 2003 US assault on Iraq.

Beginning in the fall of 2002, college students in the greater Grand Rapids area began to be involved with anti-war organizing efforts. Some of those students were part of the People’s Alliance for Justice & Change, but most of them were organizing on their campus. The above article from the Grand Rapids Press attempted to show that college students were becoming active, but the main problem with the article was that they were n’t really talking to students who were actively involved in resisting the US invasion of Iraq.

On March 1st, 2003, an estimated 50 people marched from Aquinas College to the federal building in downtown Grand Rapids to protest the looming war with Iraq. Students from GVSU, Calvin College and Aquinas College made up the bulk of those marching. The march numbers were small, mostly because the action began at noon on a Friday and went til about 4pm, which made it difficult for working class people to participate.

However, some students who participated in the march were wanting to do more. The People’s Alliance for Justice & Change organized a civil disobedience training the following week, which then led to an action at the office of Rep. Vern Ehlers. (GR Press article above)

The GR Press article headline was misleading, since the group didn’t really care if Rep. Ehlers was there or not, they just wanted to make a statement about the impending US invasion of Iraq.

There were a few GVSU students who participated in this action, along with members of the People’s Alliance for Justice & Change. Six people were arrested when they refused to leave the federal building, so the US Federal Marshals called the GRPD.

The group had people there to speak to the news media and to hand out two flyers, one with information about the illegality of the US war/sanctions on Iraq and another handout, which was a poster of a WANTED sign for Rep. Ehlers, which called for his immediate arrest for supporting war crimes.

A few months later, the People’s Alliance for Justice & Change organized a People’s Trial against Congressman Ehlers, with a subpoena issued and the trial proceedings video taped.

In Part V, we will look at organizing to support the Arab American community and Muslims in Grand Rapids and the final action that took place before the US began bombing Iraq on March 20, 2003.

Posted in Anti-War/Anti-Imperialism | Tagged , , | 3 Comments

Anti-Iraq War Organizing in Grand Rapids from 2002 – 2008: Part III – Women in Black and the false WMD presentation

In Part I, we looked at the early organizing that took place in the fall of 2002, where various groups were organizing resistance to the possible US invasion of Iraq. In Part II, we talked about how some groups went to DC for a national march on MLK Day, but then President Bush came to Grand Rapids in late January 2003, where over 1,000 protestors greeted him.

In Part III, we explore the organizing effort of the Grand Rapids chapter of Women in Black and the local news media’s reaction to the Colin Powell presentation at the UN on WMDs, in early February of 2003.

Women in Black was an international movement of women who non-violently opposed war, a movement which was begun by Israeli and Palestinian women. Grand Rapids formed a chapter in late 2002 and began to have a public presence at various demonstrations both before the US invasion of Iraq and afterwards.

On February 4th, about 80 members of Women in Black attended the Grand Rapids City Commission meeting to demand that the city adopt a resolution against the war, just like many other cities had already done. Only a few members of Women in Black spoke, while most of the members stood in silence wearing all black. It was a powerful image that generated a great deal of discussion and media coverage, like the Grand Rapids Press article above.

The City of Grand Rapids eventually adopted a resolution, but not until a year after the war had begun and the resolution was much weaker than the version that members of Women in Black and the People’s Alliance for Justice and Change had proposed.

The day after the Women in Black demonstration, on February 5th, 2003, US Secretary of State Colin Powell had presented his findings that proved Iraq had Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs). This was the smoking gun that the US administration and the US media had been looking for, and while it was not cause enough to invade Iraq, the US government and the US media used it to win public support for the invasion.

What was interesting about this news was that several Grand Rapids-based news agencies had contacted the People’s Alliance for Justice and Change to get their response to the Powell report. However, the local news agencies didn’t just ask for a response, they took the position that local anti-war organizers were wrong and needed to acknowledge their mistake. Members of the People’s Alliance for Justice and Change never accepted the Powell report as fact, but more importantly, they argued that even if Iraq had WMDs, this was not a valid reason for the US to invade Iraq. The US was in possession of more WMDs than any other country in the world and had used them more times than any other country. The local news media wasn’t interested in facts, they only wanted to make local anti-war groups look bad.

Of course, we all know that years later it was proved that Iraq never had WMDs and that Colin Powell himself admitted that he lied during his February 5th, 2003 presentation to the United Nations. The local news media never apologized for their complicity in reporting Powell’s report as fact.


Posted in Anti-War/Anti-Imperialism | Tagged , , , , | 3 Comments

Anti-Iraq War Organizing in Grand Rapids from 2002 – 2008: Part II – Confronting Bush in Grand Rapids before the war started

Two weeks ago, we posted Part I of this series on anti-Iraq war organizing in Grand Rapids. Part I dealt with the beginning actions against the build-up to the war, specifically in the fall of 2002. Today, we will focus on the continued resistance at the beginning of 2003, including the demonstration that took place when President Bush came to Grand Rapids the day after his State of the Union address.

Just prior to the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday in mid-January, there was an indoor rally held at Plymouth Congregational UCC in Grand Rapids, which included speakers and a send-off for people who were making the trip to Washington, DC for an anti-war march on MLK Day.

The People’s Alliance for Justice and Change were hosting ongoing organizing meetings in preparation for the US invasion/war against Iraq. The meetings were held in numerous locations, but organizers began noticing that there were both GRPD cruisers parked nearby meeting spaces and on several occasions undercover officers attempted to come to the meetings. Organizers were able to spot them and denied them entry into the spaces were the meetings were being held.

Then, it was announced that President George W. Bush was coming to Grand Rapids, the day after his State of the Union address. Organizers began planning an action to confront Bush when he would be in town. The announcement said he would first be at Spectrum Hospital and then take the motorcade to DeVos Hall.

The plan was to line up on both sides of Michigan Street, from just west of Spectrum Hospital, all the way down to the Federal building. The GRPD was told that the demonstration would then move down Michigan Street and turn left onto Monroe. However, organizers had a different plan, which was to turn left on Ottawa, then right on Lyon St and go directly to DeVos Hall.

There were over 100 cops out in force that day in late January, 2003. When the police realized that the demonstrators took a detour, they panicked. Protestors, which numbered over 1,000, began turning right on Lyon Street, near the entrance to the building, when police cruisers jumped the curb and almost ran into the building, in order to block those demonstrating to walk any further. At the same time, dozens of police officers lined up along Lyon St, facing demonstrators, in full riot gear. For nearly 30 minutes there was a shouting match between cops and protestors. What was not known at the time was that the GRPD had created a “Free Speech Zone,” which was something that the Bush administration had begun to use after 9/11. Free Speech Zones were fenced off areas that were designated for protestors, often a significant distance from where those protesting had intended. The same was the case on that day, with the Free Speech Zone create in front of City Hall on Monroe, nearly a block from where Bush would be speaking. (as you can see in the photo here below)

Jack Prince, who was teaching at GVSU at the time, and was at the protest, told us what had happened to him that day.

The protest in 2003 had problems from the beginning. All of the phones were shut off in the sociology and psychology department on campus as a means to thwart communication, since they knew there was talk of organizing or even discussing Bush’s visit. This was denied later, obviously. The group I was in was detained on North side of Michigan Ave in attempt to separate us from other protestors by police. After complaints we had to travel down Michigan to a point to cross. We noticed a lot of plain clothes men in suits with earplugs that were directing the local police as to what to do with shades on and dress suits. They would not interact with us and tried to be invisible but they were clearly in authority and control. As we proceeded down  Ottawa south they attempted to compact us on sidewalk and when we turned West on Lyon there they had a constricted area where they made their move and began grabbing people. My daughter was grabbed and thrown on top of the hood of a car and was arrested. I became very vocal obviously at that point toward the police, but as there was a crowd forming with more witnesses they didn’t arrest me until I was walking up the steps to the ground level of a second story level by what is now the 5/3 bank building. Again in an area that was blocked from vision. My charge was: instigating a riot. A serious Felony Charge. People at GVSU, meaning  the administration higher ups, saw me with a GVSU coat I had on in the news coverage and I was contacted by the Coaching department and they shared their displeasure which led to my departure from the school. After some time and organization with others who were arrested the charges were dropped. The ACLU was helping us and and really were instrumental in the charges being dropped after approximately a month. 

In addition to the few who were arrested on Lyon Street, there was a whole other group that chose not to march down to the Free Speech Zone and began marching in the streets through downtown Grand Rapids. The GRPD began arresting people for marching in the street and an estimated 17 people in all were arrested that day. However, as Jack Prince shared in his story, ACLU lawyers got involved and most people had the charges dropped. Those who did not have their charges dropped were ultimately charged with misdemeanors.

In Part III, we will explore other actions that took place in Grand Rapids prior to the US invasion of Iraq.



Posted in Anti-War/Anti-Imperialism | Tagged , , | 7 Comments

Anti-Iraq War Organizing in Grand Rapids from 2002 – 2008: Part I

Recently, we posted a piece about the Anti-Afghan war organizing that took place in Grand Rapids in 2001 – 2002. 

Part of that organizing grew out of a Teach-In that took place just weeks after the 9/11 attacks, in early October of 2001. One year later, a second Teach-In was held, this time focusing on Israel/Palestine and Iraq.

It was at that Teach-In, which took place in early October 2002, that people began to discuss the importance of organizing against the Bush administration’s shift from Afghanistan to Iraq, in order to wage its “War on Terrorism.”

The last session at the Teach-In was devoted to discussing plans to mobilizing resistance to a US military build-up against Iraq. People came together for meetings to oppose the war in Iraq in the next few weeks and organized the first protest against the US threat of war against Iraq near the end of October.

The protest consisted of a rally that started at Veteran’s Park in downtown Grand Rapids, where a few people spoke, mainly to get the crowd of 400 people fired up. The crowd then marched through downtown Grand Rapids, without a permit, with part of the march taking place in the streets.

The 400 marchers then went to the Gerald R. Ford Federal Building, where they occupied the steps in front of the building. A few more people spoke and shared information about next steps in the campaign to prevent a war with Iraq.

The 400 marchers was the largest anti-war march in Grand Rapids since the Vietnam war, yet this resistance would only grow in size and intensity in the coming months. The march had been organized by the People’s Alliance for Justice & Change. In Part II of this series we will look at the next phase of anti-war planning in Grand Rapids, including the protest that greeted George W. Bush when he came to town in later January of 2003.

Posted in Anti-War/Anti-Imperialism | Tagged , , , | 7 Comments

New print celebrates the life of Anarchist Voltairine De Cleyre

This new print, created by GVSU student Katie Los, celebrates the life of American anarchist Voltairine De Cleyre.

Emma Goldman once referred to Voltairine De Cleyre as, “The most gifted and brilliant anarchist woman America ever produced.”

In the early 1880s she moved to Grand Rapids and was active in the anti-clerical, Free Thought Movement. Voltairine soon began writing for various publications and exploring other political disciplines. However, it was the Haymarket uprising in Chicago in 1886 that finally brought her to embrace anarchism. More specifically, it was the hanging of the Haymarket Martyrs in 1887, that solidified her belief and commitment in political anarchism.

De Cleyre wrote about numerous other topics, including the Mexican Revolution. She died in 1912, at the young age of 46. However, despite her short life, she not only impacted those who heard her speeches, she continues to inspire generations of people who will consecrate their service to the world!

For more information about De Cleyre’s life and her writing, see our original post from 2016.


Posted in Anti-Capitalism/Labor, People's History Artwork | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Anti-Afghan War organizing – 2001 Grand Rapids

As we mentioned in a post from February 11, 2019, after September 11, 2001, for many people it became difficult to actively speak out against US foreign policy, whether that was war or economic policy 

None of the traditional anti-war groups in Grand Rapids, were willing to criticize the US bombing of Afghanistan until months after the US war/occupation had begun.

The group People’s Alliance for Justice & Change didn’t hesitate to speak out and began forming a plan as to what could be done in the immediate aftermath of 9/11 and the US intent to wage war on Afghanistan.

After September 11, 2001, the US quickly moved to take action to blame someone for the terrorist attack. In October of 2001, the US began bombing Afghanistan, even though Afghanistan had nothing to do with 9/11.

What follows are a list of things that people organized between September 2001 and September 2002:

  • The People’s Alliance for Justice & Change organized a “teach-in” at Aquinas College to expose US policy in the region, emphasizing that if people were going to understand both the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the US invasion of Afghanistan, they would need to understand the historical context of US foreign policy. The teach-in–dubbed “September 11th: Causes and Just Responses.” There were 150 people who spent the better part of a Saturday at the Teach-In.
  • The People’s Alliance for Justice & Change also created an Afghanistan Reader, which was a collection of documents that provided people solid historical and current context for the US invasion and occupation of Afghanistan. It was 30 pages long.
  • A march was organized in response to the US bombing campaign in Afghanistan, a march which began at Veteran’s Park in downtown Grand Rapids, where police came to intimidate protestors, even asking those protesting “how they could be against the US at this time.” It was rare to have cops make that kind of commentary at a demonstration, at least in Grand Rapids.
  • This same march also went to WOOD TV 8, the NBC affiliate in Grand Rapids, to protest the hyper-nationalistic coverage since 9/11, specifically about Afghanistan.

    Limited Local Media Coverage of Dissent

    Media coverage of such dissent was limited, both locally and nationally. the Grand Rapids Press ran one article in 2001 on protests against the invasion (“We don’t believe in bombing’ – Peace activists with roots in the Vietnam War protests know they are a vocal minority in opposing Afghanistan attacks,” October 30, 2001). Its decision to place the article on the front page generated a large number of calls and letters according to The Press(“Press’ coverage of war protesters draws readers’ ire”, November 4, 2001), prompting The Press to defend its decision:

    “After the complaints, Andy [News Editor Andy Angelo] checked our A-1 pattern for October. No other photo could be described as a directly critical view of U.S policy. And 21 days out of 31, we ran page-dominant news photographs that would have to be characterized as supportive of the war effort or displays of patriotic emotion.”

    Even in its defense of running a front page photo of a protestor, the Grand Rapids Press didn’t hesitate to admit that it had a heavy pro-military bias.

    A study, the period after the bombing started (75 day study), by the Grand Rapids Institute for Information Democracy (GRIID), showed that the local media’s coverage of the Afghanistan War overwhelmingly relied on government and military sources

  • After the march and protest in October 2001 against the US war/occupation of Afghanistan, there was a 24-hour vigil and fast that took place on Division near Fulton in downtown Grand Rapids to draw attention to what was happening. People took shifts being outside on the street with signs and information to share with people.
  • Just after the Thanksgiving break, there was a documentary shown in the studio of GRTV, which featured long-time critic of US foreign policy Noam Chomsky addressing US terrorism around the world.
  • In December, a benefit concert was organized, where 6 bands donated their time to play to raise money for humanitarian aid for people in Afghanistan. The concert was broadcast live on the cable access channel and between bands there would be information shared by organizers on human rights reporting coming out of Afghanistan, analysis of the US military occupation and how people could get involved in resisting the war. Over $1,000 was raised, all of which went to two groups in Afghanistan doing war relief work.
  • In 2002, people who doing a great deal of solidarity work with the Muslim and Arab American community in West Michigan. The People’s Alliance for Justice and Change collected several thousands signatures from allies stating that they would stand with the Arab-American and Muslim communities. Some allies provided accompaniment to those communities who were targets of hate by individuals and state violence.
  • A second Afghan War reader was created in the summer of 2002, followed by a second Teach-In, with some 250 people in attendance. This Teach-In also included a critique of US support for Israel and the threat of war with Iraq coming from the Bush administration.
Posted in Anti-War/Anti-Imperialism | Tagged , , , | 3 Comments

New Print Celebrates the legacy of the Womyn’s Action Network in Grand Rapids

A new print from GVSU student Rachael Spring, brings to life the legacy of the 1990s feminist group, the Womyn’s Action Network or WAN.

WAN came together in 1992 and began their feminist work with a satirical event that took on media representation of women. The First Annual Media Bash was an awards ceremony, where those in attendance would look at misogynistic and empowering images of women and then give out what they called Dick and Jane awards. The Dick awards were given out to the ads that “are the most degrading, demeaning and disgusting,” while the Jane awards were given to “those ads that portray us in the most positive and affirming ways.”

The Womyn’s Action Network also understood how social justice issues intersected and participated in the annual Pride event in Grand Rapids, World AIDS Day, anti-war activities and community wide anti-violence campaigns.

The organization’s literature states that it was committed to looking at issues through a race/class/gender lens; challenging corporate defined beauty; fighting femicide, rape, battering and harassment; and looking at women’s health issues, like breast cancer, menopause and menstruation.

WAN only survived for three years (1992 – 1995), but accomplished an amazing amount of work in that brief time and inspired many women in Grand Rapids to find their voices and fight back against patriarchal systems of oppression.


Posted in Feminist Movement, People's History Artwork | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Organizing against the Central America Free Trade Agreement in Grand Rapids

Last week we posted a story about people from Grand Rapids participating in the 2001 Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) protest in Quebec, Canada. This was part of the ongoing anti-Globalization movement, which had begun years earlier, primarily outside of the US.

However, after September 11, 2001, most of the anti-globalization organizing had vanished in the US, since people were now shifting gears and combating increased racial profiling and an expansion of US imperialism abroad, with the US occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq.

It wasn’t until 2004, when the Central American Free Trade Agreement was proposed, a trade agreement that would virtually replicate NAFTA. Following the defeat of the FTAA, the US and other regional leaders sought to push a NAFTA-style trade policy for Central America. First proposed in 2004, CAFTA would test the anti-globalization movement that surfaced again to fight this most recent manifestation of global capitalism.

The anti-CAFTA campaign was organized primarily by the People’s Alliance for Justice & Change, a group that had formed around 2000 and organized against global capitalism and US imperialism.

The first step that the People’s Alliance took in their campaign to defeat CAFTA, was to get other groups to sign on to the campaigns. There were nearly 20 union locals that signed on to the campaign, two environmental groups and a few other entities like the Institute for Global Education. Once they had lots of organizational support, they put together their first action in March of 2004, by organizing what they called a NAFTA scavenger hunt.

The idea behind the NAFTA scavenger hunt was to send people out, like you would with any scavenger hunt, but in this case people were tasked with finding jobs in the area that were created by NAFTA. Everyone was provided a map, which of course had locations of businesses that had lost jobs because of NAFTA. In addition, members of the People’s Alliance created a video, using a character called the NAFTA Bunny, to dramatize the scavenger hunt.

The next action saw people handing out flyers at the Van Andel Arena, just prior to a hockey game, at an action that was called, a Slap Shot Against CAFTA.

In early August of 2004, Presidential Candidate John Kerry came to town, so members of the People’s Alliance decided to use that opportunity to hand out flyers to Kerry supporters about the need to move beyond a simple “Anybody but Bush” strategy. 350 “Demand More from Kerry!” flyers were distributed to Kerry supporters urging people to demand something from Kerry in exchange for their vote.

In addition to people leafleting, an appearance was made by the CAFTA Chicken and the NAFTA Bunny who distributed 500 pink slips containing information about neoliberal trade agreements and their connection to local job losses. In other CAFTA Chicken and NAFTA Bunny news, we have posted two zines explaining more about the origins of these legendary creatures. Both zines were created at yesterday’s Clamor Magazine/Hey Kidz! make your own media workshop. You can view The Adventures of the NAFTA Bunny and The Adventures of the CAFTA Chicken online.

The CAFTA Chicken and the NAFTA Bunny appeared several more times in Grand Rapids, by leafletting during Blues on the Mall several times in an attempt to engage the public through popular education.

While CAFTA ended up passing in Congress the following year, the type of organizing and creativity that was developed during this campaign reached tens of thousands of people and helped to create even more suspicion against any US trade policy that was proposed after 2005.


Posted in Anti-Capitalism/Labor | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

New Print demonstrates the hypocrisy of GVSU and LGBTQ Equality

A new print by GVSU student Ciara Pink, beautifully depicts not on the historical struggle to win domestic partner benefits at GVSU, but the hypocrisy of the university, which claims to embrace, equity, inclusion and social justice.

Grand Valley State University used to be Grand Valley States Colleges, consisting of William James, Thomas Jefferson, Seidman School and College IV. William James College (WJC) was very progressive and experimental in its approach to education. WJC attracted faculty from all over the country, including many feminists who developed radical programs like Women, World and Wonder. Some of these women who taught at William James or Thomas Jefferson Colleges (both of which were closed by 1983) were also part of the radical feminist group in Grand Rapids, known as Aradia.

Many of the members of Aradia were also lesbian and were part of an effort in the 1990s to get GVSU to adopt domestic partner benefits. Based on interviews we conducted for the film, A People’s History of the LGBTQ Community in Grand Rapids, GVSU was set to adopt domestic partner benefits in 1995. However, word of the proposed policy was leaked to a GR Press reporter who wrote a story, which resulted in pressure from major financial donors (Richard DeVos and Peter Cook) threatening to with hold money if the university adopted such a policy.

A second attempt was made in 2003, to get domestic partner benefits passed at GVSU, but then President Mark Murray blocked the attempt. Murray stated at the time, “As a University that has benefited from very generous support from the private philanthropic community, we must recognize the prevailing views of those who provide such support.” This statement by Murray underscores the power that donors have had on policy at GVSU. Domestic partner benefits was not adopted until 2008, some 13 years after it was promised.

Posted in LGBTQ Movement, People's History Artwork | Leave a comment